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Book chapters 2009

Documents

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Isolation and characterization of retrotransposons in wild and cultivated peanut species Isolation and characterization of retrotransposons in wild and cultivated peanut species

Nielen S, Campos Fonseca F, Guimarães P, Leal-Bertioli SC and Bertioli D (2009). Isolation and characterization of retrotransposons in wild and cultivated peanut species. In: Induced plant mutations in the genomics era (Shu GY, ed). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome, Italy, plenary session 2, pp 439–442. ISBN: 978-92-5-106324-8. Available online.

Abstract: Retrotransposons are considered a possible source for mutations due to their potential of spreading in the genome using a “copy and paste”-like mechanism. Here we report on the isolation and characterization of a new Ty3-gypsy retrotransposon from allotetraploid peanut (Arachis hypogaea, 2n=4x=40) and its diploid ancestors A. duranensis (AA-genome, 2n=20) and A. ipaënsis (BB-genome, 2n=20). We have identified two repetitive sequences, one showing high similarity at the amino acid level to the reverse transcriptase of Athila-type retrotransposons, the other being AT-rich with no similarities to gene bank sequences. Results from genome walking experiments gave first evidence that both sequences represented parts of the same Ty3-gypsy retrotransposon, the 5’-LTR (long terminal repeat)- and the pol (polyprotein)-region respectively. Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) experiments showed that the element is dispersedly distributed on the chromosomes, absent from centromeres and telomeric regions, and more prominent in chromo-somes of the A-genome. The element appeared to be moderately repetitive with copy numbers of about 830 (A. ipaënsis), 2,600 (A. duranensis), and 3,000 (Arachis hypogaea) per haploid genome. Phylogenetic analysis of the deduced amino acid sequences of 80 isolated reverse transcriptase clones from the three species shed light on its evolution within the peanut species. The isolated sequences contained multiple stop-codons and so far, no evidence has been found that the element is still active. An outlook is given regarding finding new tools for the advancement of Arachis breeding programs aimed at the transfer of resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses to peanut.

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Improvement of drought resistance in rice Improvement of drought resistance in rice

Serraj R, Kumar A, McNally KL, Slamet-Loedin I, Bruskiewich R, Mauleon R, Cairns J and Hijmans RJ (2009). Improvement of drought resistance in rice. In: Advances in Agronomy 103:41–99 (DOI:10.1016/S0065-2113(09)03002-8). Not open access: view abstract.

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Informatics in Agricultural Research for Development Informatics in Agricultural Research for Development

McLaren CG, Metz T, van den Berga M, Bruskiewich RM, Magora NP and Shiresa D (2010). Informatics in Agricultural Research for Development. In: Advances in Agronomy 102:135157. (DOI: 10.1016/S0065-2113(09)01004-9). Not open access: view abstract.

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Maize al tolerance Maize al tolerance

Kochian LV, Hoekenga OA, Magalhaes JV, Pineros MA (2009). Maize al tolerance. In: Handbook of maize: Its biology (Bennetzen J and Hake S, eds). Springer-Verlag, New York, NY, pp. 367–380. ISBN: 978-0-387-79418-1. Not open access: view abstract

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